Vision of Christ transforms the beholder to be like Christ in the past, present, and future in 1 John 3:2-6. The philosophically-minded would have thought of transformative divine vision through beholding the perfect and passionless deity of reason; Jewish mystics and apocalyptists also sought divine vision. Given the relationship between 1 John and the Fourth Gospel, however, transformative vision probably develops Moses's transformation in light of divine glory in Exodus 33-34 (cf. John 1:14-18). Paul earlier developed this same idea in 2 Cor 3:7-18, where believers are transformed through beholding Christ's glory by the Spirit (3:18), in an experience of glory greater than what Moses experienced.