Junia Theodora: An Elite Woman in Early Roman Corinth

Most studies dealing with the Junia Theodora inscription from Corinth have discussed her significance for the province of Lycia or have compared her to Phoebe of Kenchreai (mentioned in Romans 16:1-2). This paper focuses instead on Junia as a resident Roman in Corinth, and as an independent female benefactor. The inscription does not provide much evidence about her family’s origins nor about free/freedwoman status. Her activities, however, do illustrate the ways in which gender, wealth, and religion allowed her to exercise a great deal of influence in the region’s politics, and the ways in which men eventually took control of her network.