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Resources for Africana Scholarship, Anti-racism, and Minoritized Biblical Interpretation
A Bibliography for Africana Scholarship, Anti-racism, and Minoritized Biblical Interpretation.

The Black Scholars Matter Task Force, CUREMP, and SBL staff are developing a process for revising and expanding this resource. If you have suggestions for items, please contact

Bailey, Randall C., ed. Yet with a Steady Beat: Contemporary U.S. Afrocentric Biblical Interpretation. SemeiaSt 42. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003.
Bailey, Randall C., Tat-siong Benny Liew, and Fernando F. Segovia, eds. They Were All Together in One Place? Toward Minority Biblical Criticism. SemeiaSt 57 Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.
Bailey, Randall C., and Tina Pippin, eds. Race, Class and the Politics of Biblical Translation. Semeia 76. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998.
Bird, Phyllis A., ed. Reading the Bible as Women: Perspectives from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Semeia 78. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998.
Blount, Brian K. “The Souls of Biblical Folks and the Potential for Meaning.” JBL 138 (2019): 6–21.
Braxton, Brad Ronnell. The Tyranny of Resolution: 1 Corinthians 7:17–24. SBLDS 181. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000.
Brooten, Bernadette J. “Research on the New Testament and Early Christian Literature May Assist the Churches in Setting Ethical Priorities.” JBL 136 (2017): 229–36.
Byron, Gay L., and Vanessa Lovelace, eds. Womanist Interpretations of the Bible: Expanding the Discourse. SemeiaSt 85. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2016.
Callahan, Allen Dwight, Richard A. Horsley, and Abraham Smith, eds. Slavery in Text and Interpretation. Semeia 83–84. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2001.
Cannon, Katie Geneva, and Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, eds. Interpretation for Liberation. Semeia 47. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.
Claassens, L. Juliana. “Memories of Midwives.” JBL 134 (2011): 877–81.
Darden, Lynne St. Clair. Scripturalizing Revelation: An African American Postcolonial Reading of Empire. SemeiaSt 80. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2015.
Davidson, Steed Vernyl. “Bible, Empire, Liberalism, and Racial Capitalism.” In The Oxford Handbook of Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Edited by R. S. Sugirtharajah. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190888459.013.9.
———. Empire and Exile: Postcolonial Readings of Selected Texts of the Book of Jeremiah. London: T&T Clark, 2011.
———. “Finding Josiah in Isaiah: Thinking on a Superscription about the Absence of a King.” Biblical Research 62 (2017): 6–25.
———. “From Sola Scriptura to Maroonage: Reflections on Caribbean Biblical Interpretation.” Canadian-American Theological Review 6 (2017): 1–16.
———. “The Imperial End: How Empire Overtakes Refugees in Jeremiah.” Political Theology 19 (2018): 460–77. DOI: 10.1080/1462317X.2018.1502244
———. “Jonah.” Pages 290–312 in The Postcolonial Old Testament Commentary. Edited by Hemchand Gossai. London: T&T Clark, 2018.
———. “Lost Paradises: Tracing the Imperial Contours of Modern Tourism upon Land and People.” In People and Land: Decolonizing Theologies. Edited by Jione Havea. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2019.
———. “Postcolonial Readings of Prophetic Literature,” Pages 507–26 in The Oxford Handbook on the Prophets. Edited by Carolyn J. Sharp. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
———. “Postcolonializing the Bible with a Little Help from Derek Walcott.” Pages 156–81 in Present and Future of Biblical Studies: Celebrating 25 Years of Brill’s Biblical Interpretation. Edited by Tat-siong Benny Liew. Leiden: Brill, 2017.
———. Writing/Reading the Bible in Postcolonial Perspective. Brill Research Perspectives. Leiden: Brill, 2017.
Davidson, Steed Vernyl, and Daniel Timmer, eds. Prophetic Otherness: Constructions of Otherness in Prophetic Literature. London: Bloomsbury, forthcoming.
Dube, Musa W. “A Luta Continua: Toward Trickster Intellectuals and Communities.” JBL 134 (2015): 890–902
———. “Reading for Decolonization (John 4: 1-42).” Semeia 75 (1998): 37–59
Gafney, Wil. “A Reflection on the Black Lives Matter Movement and Its Impact on My Scholarship.” JBL 136 (2017): 204–7
Havea, Jione, Margaret Aymer Oget, and Steed Vernyl Davidson, eds. Islands, Islanders, and the Bible: RumiNations. SemeiaSt 77. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2015.
Junior, Nyasha. “The Scholarly Network.” JBL 136 (2017): 208–12.
Liew, Tat-siong Benny. “Black Scholarship Matters.” JBL 136 (2017): 237–44.
Masenya (ngwan’a Mphahlele), Madipoane. “An African Methodology for South African Biblical Sciences: Revisiting the Bosadi (Womanhood) Approach.” Old Testament Essays 18 (2005): 741–51.
———. “An African-South African Woman’s Perspective on Job 3.” Pages 168–69 in Global Perspectives on the Bible. Edited by Mark Roncace and Joseph Weaver. Boston: Pearson Education, 2014.
———. “Amidst Tongues Tearing Apart and Lying Lips, God of and for the Oppressed: Casting an African Gaze at Psalm 12.” Stellenbosch Theological Journal 2 (2016): 365–80. http://
———. “The Bible and Women: Black Feminist Hermeneutics.” Scriptura 54 (1995): 189–201.
———. “Bible-Inspired Songs Hijacked into Political Music: A Gaze at the Post-apartheid Religious Landscape.” Theologia Viatorium 33 (2009): 53-76.
———. “Biblical Studies in South(ern) Africa: An Overview.” Pages 454–65 in Handbook of Theological Education in Africa. Edited by Isabel Apawo Phiri and Dietrich Werner. Pietermaritzburg: Cluster, 2013.
———. “Black (Humanity) Is Beautiful! Reading Biko and Meditating on Psalm 8.” Theologia Viatorum 38 (2014): 1–13.
———. “A Bosadi (Womanhood) Reading of Proverbs 31:10–31.” Pages 145–57 in Other Ways of Reading: African Women and the Bible. Edited by Musa W. Dube. Global Perspectives on Biblical Scholarship 2. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2001.
———. “‘Can the Cushite Change His Skin…?’: Beating the Drums of African Biblical Hermeneutics.” Pages 285–301 in Congress Volume: Stellenbosch, 2016. Edited by Louis C. Jonker, Gideon R. Kotzé, and Christl Maier. VTSup 177. Leiden: Brill, 2017.
———. “A Feminist Perspective on Theology with Particular Reference to Black Feminist Theology.” Scriptura 49 (1994): 64–74.
———. “Feminist Theology in Africa. Pages 419–20 in The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity. Edited by Daniel Patte. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. “For Ever Trapped? An African Voice on Insider/Outsider Dynamics within South African Old Testament Gender-Sensitive Frameworks.” Old Testament Essays 21 (2014): 189–204.
———. “Jeremiah.” Pages 147–56 in The Africana Bible: Reading Israel’s Scriptures from Scriptures and the African Diaspora. Edited by Hugh Page et al. Minneapolis: Augsburg-Fortress, 2010.
———. “Liberation with Us? Re-reading the Book of Exodus in a Post-apartheid South Africa.” African Journal of Biblical Studies 19 (2003): 51-69.
———. “Listening to the Poor and Nonliterate.” Pages 73–81 in Black Practical Theology. Edited by Dale P. Andrews and Robert L. Smith Jr. Waco: TX: Baylor University Press.
———. “The Place of the Bible in the Quest for Women’s Emancipation in Africa.” Pages 1–20 in Biblical Studies and Feminism in the African Context: In Honour of the Late Dr. Dorcas Olubanke Akintunde. Edited by Olabiji A. Adewale. Ibadan: National Association for Biblical Studies Western Zone, 2012.
———. “Reading Proverbs 7 in the Context of Female ‘Blessers’ and Sugar Mamas in South Africa.” Scriptura 116 (2017): 120–32.
———. “Ruminating on Justin Ukpong’s Inculturation Hermeneutics and Its Implications for the Study of African Biblical Hermeneutics Today.” HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72 (2016): a3343.
———. “Teaching Western-Oriented Old Testament Studies to African Students: An Exercise in Wisdom or in Folly?” Old Testament Essays 17 (2004): 455–69.
———. “Their Hermeneutics Was Strange! Ours Is a Necessity! Reading Vashti in Esther 1 as African Women in South Africa.” Pages 179–94 in Her Master’s Tools? Feminist and Postcolonial Engagements of Historical-Critical Discourse. Edited by Caroline Vander Stichele and Todd C. Penner. Global Perspectives on Biblical Scholarship 9. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2005.
———. “Towards an MIT-Conscious Biblical Studies in South Africa? Glimpsing the Stories of Absent Husbands and Waiting Wives.” Old Testament Essays 30 (2017): 384–402.
———. “What Differences Do African Contexts Make for English Bible Translations?” Old Testament Essays 14 (2001): 281–96.
———. “Whose Reading Matters? Rereading Exodus 1 in the Context of African (South African) Women.” Dialog: A Journal of Theology 59 (2020): 107–14.
———. “Women, Africana Reality and the Bible.” Pages 33–38 in The Africana Bible: Reading Israel’s Scriptures from Scriptures and the African Diaspora. Edited by Hugh Page et al. Minneapolis: Augsburg-Fortress, 2010.
Mosala, Itumeleng J. “The Implications of the Text of Esther for African Women’s Struggle for Liberation in South Africa.” Semeia 59 (1992): 129–37.
Mtshiselwa, V. Ndikhokele N., and Madipoane Masenya (ngwan’a Mphahlele). “Gender and Sexualities in African Contexts and Circle Theologies.” Verbum et Ecclesia 37 (2016): a1662.
Newton, Richard. “The African American Bible: Bound in a Christian Nation.” JBL 136 (2017): 221–28.
Ngwa, Kenneth N. “At Exodus as the Door of (No) Return.” JBL 136 (2017): 213–20.
———. “The Making of Gershom’s Story: A Cameroonian Postwar Hermeneutics Reading of Exodus 2.” JBL 134 (2015): 855–79.
Niang, Aliou C. “Space and Human Agency in the Making of the Story of Gershom through a Senegalese Christian Lens.” JBL 134 (2015): 882–89.
Reinhartz, Adele. “The JBL Forum, an Occasional Exchange: Black Lives Matter for Critical Biblical Scholarship.” JBL 136 (2017): 203.
Russaw, Kimberly. Daughters in the Hebrew Bible. Minneapolis: Lexington/Fortress Academic, 2018.
———. “Day 11: Letter 11: What Do We Tell Our Daughters?” In American Values Religious Voices. Edited by Andrea L. Weiss and Lisa M. Weinberger. Cincinnati: University of Cincinnati Press, 2019.
———. “Reading Rahab with Larsen: Towards a New Direction in African American Biblical Hermeneutics.” Horizons in Biblical Theology 42 (2020):1–13.
———. Revisiting Rahab: Another Look at the Woman of Jericho. Nashville: Wesley’s Foundery Books, forthcoming.
———. “Veils and Lap Cloths: The Great Cover Up of Bynum and the Bible in Black Churches.” Black Theology: An International Journal 16 (2018): 248–62.
———. “Wisdom in the Garden: The Woman of Genesis 3 and Alice Walker’s Sophia.” Pages 223–35 in I Found God in Me: A Womanist Biblical Hermeneutics Reader. Edited by Mitzi J. Smith. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2015.
Smith, Abraham. “‘I Saw the Book Talk’: A Cultural Studies Approach to the Ethics of an African American Biblical Hermeneutics.” Semeia 77 (1998): 115–38.
Weems, Renita J. “The Hebrew Women Are Not Like the Egyptian Women: The Ideology of Race, Gender, and Sexual Reproduction in Exodus 1.” Semeia 59 (1992): 25–34.
West, Gerald O. “Twice Called, Thrice Rebuked: Doing African Biblical Scholarship.” JBL 134 (2011): 850–54.
West, Gerald O., and Musa W. Dube, eds. Reading With: An Exploration of the Interface between Critical and Ordinary Readings of the Bible. Semeia 73. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.
Wimbush, Vincent L. “African American Traditions and the Bible.” Pages 12–15 in Oxford Companion to the Bible. Edited by Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
———. “African Americans and the Bible: Outline of An Interpretive History.” Pages 81–97 in Stony the Road We Trod: African American Biblical Hermeneutics. Edited by Cain Hope Felder. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991.
———. “Afrocentric Interpretation.” In New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by Katharine Doob Sakenfeld. Nashville: Abingdon, 2006.
———. “Ascetic Behavior and Color-ful Language: Stories About Ethiopian Moses.” Semeia 58 (1992): 81–91.
———. “Bible: African Americans.” In Dictionary of Third World Theologies. Edited by Virginia Fabella and R. S. Sugirtharajah. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2000.
———. “The Bible and African Americans.” Pages 15–16 in HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Rev. ed. Edited by Paul J. Achtemeier. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1996.
———. The Bible and African Americans: A Brief History. Facets. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003.
———, ed. The Bible and the American Myth: A Symposium on the Bible and the Constructions of Meaning. Studies in American Biblical Hermeneutics 16. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1999.
———. “The Bible as a Text in Cultures: African Americans.” In The Peoples’ Bible. Edited by Curtiss Paul DeYoung. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2009.
———. “Bible Interpretation in North America: African American.” Pages 120–21 in Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity. Edited by Daniel Patte. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
———. “Biblical-Historical Study as Liberation: Toward an Afro-Christian Hermeneutic.” Pages 140–54 in African American Religious Studies: Selected Documents. Edited by Gayraud S. Wilmore. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1989.
———. “Equiano’s Interesting Narrative: Re-reading a Modern Scriptural Story.” In Caught Reading Again: Scholars and Their Books. Edited by R. S. Sugirtharajah. London: SCM, 2009.
———. “Ex-centric Reading: A Case for Critical Reorientation.” Pages 101–16 in Foster Biblical Scholarship: Essays in Honor of Kent Harold Richards on the Occasion of His Retirement. Edited by Frank R. Ames and Charles W. Miller. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
———. “Historical/Cultural Criticism as Liberation: A Proposal for an African American Biblical Hermeneutic.” Semeia 47 (1989): 43–55.
———. “‘I Wish [We] Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free’: The Subjunctive Mood.” The Abeng: A Journal of Transdisciplinary Criticism 1 (2017).
———. “The Influence of the Bible in African American Culture.” In The Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History. Edited by Jack Salzman et al. New York: Macmillan, 1995.
———. “Interpreters—Enslaving/Enslaved/Runagate.” Journal of Biblical Literature 130 (2011): 5–24.
———. “Interrupting the Spin: What Would Happen Were African Americans to Become the Starting Point for Biblical Studies.” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 52 (1998): 61–76.
———. “Introduction: Scripturalizing: Analytical Wedge for a Critical History of the Human” In Scripturalizing the Human: The Written as the Political. Edited by Vincent. L. Wimbush. London: Routledge, 2015.
———. “Introduction: Scriptures and Transgression.” Pages 1–16 in Refractions of the Scriptural: Critical Orientation as Transgression. Edited by Vincent L. Wimbush. New York: Routledge, 2016.
———. “It’s Scripturalization, Colleagues!” Journal of Africana Religions 3 (2015): 193–200.
———, ed. MisReading America: Scriptures and Difference. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
———. “‘Naturally Veiled and Half Articulate’: Scriptures, Modernity, and the Formation of African America.” Pages 56–68 in Still at the Margins. Edited by R. S. Sugirtharajah. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2008.
———. “‘No Modern Joshua’: Nationalization, Scriptures, and Race.” Pages 259–78 in Prejudice and Christian Beginnings: Race, Gender, and Ethnicity in Early Christianity. Edited by Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza and Laura Nasrallah. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2009.
———. “Race, Scriptures, and the Postcolonial World.” In The Oxford Handbook of Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Edited by R. S. Sugirtharajah. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190888459.013.14.
———. “Reading Texts as Reading Ourselves: A Chapter in the History of African American Biblical Interpretation” Pages 95–108 in Reading from This Place: Social Location and Biblical Interpretation. Edited by Fernando F. Segovia and Mary Ann Tolbert. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1995.
———. “Reading Texts through Worlds, Worlds through Texts.” Semeia 61 (1993): 129–40.
———, ed. Refractions of the Scriptural: Critical Orientation as Transgression. New York: Routledge, 2016.
———. “‘Rescue the Perishing’: The Importance of Biblical Scholarship in Black Christianity.” Pages 210–15 in vol. 2 of Black Theology: A Documentary History. Edited by James H. Cone and Gayraud S. Wilmore. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1993.
———. “Ripping the Veil, Weaving Meanings: The Textures of Therapeutics of African Diaspora Formation.” In In the Beginning: The Martin Luther King, Jr., International Chapel at Morehouse College; A Festschrift in Honor of Lawrence Edward Carter, Sr. Edited by Echol Nix Jr. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2015.
———. Scripturalectics: The Management of Meaning. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
———, ed. Scripturalizing the Human: The Written as the Political. London: Routledge, 2015.
———. “Scriptures.” In Oxford Bibliographies Online: DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780195393361-0055.
———. “Scriptures for Strangers: the Making of an Africanized Bible.” Pages 162–77 in Postcolonial Interventions: Essays in Honor of R. S. Sugirtharajah. Edited by Tat-siong Benny Liew. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, 2009.
———. “Signifying on Scriptures: An African Diaspora Proposal for Radical Readings.” Pages 245–58 in Feminist New Testament Studies: Global and Future Perspectives. Edited by Kathleen O. Wicker et al. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.
———. “Signifying on the Fetish: Mapping a New Critical Orientation.” Pages 337–48 in The Future of the Biblical Past: Envisioning Biblical Studies on a Global Key. Edited by Roland Boer and Fernando F. Segovia. SemeiaSt 66. Society of Biblical Literature, 2012)
———. “Signifying on the Fetish II: Outlines for a New Critical Orientation.” Theologische Literaturzeitung 138 (2013): 909–22.
———, ed. Theorizing Scriptures: New Critical Orientations to a Cultural Phenomenon. Signifying [on] Scriptures. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008.
———. “We will Make Our Own Future Text: A Proposal for an Alternate Interpretive Orientation.” Pages 43-53 in True to our Native Land: African American New Testament Commentary. Edited by Brian Blount et al. Philadelphia: Fortress, 2007.
———. White Men’s Magic: Scripturalization as Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
———. “The Work We Make Scriptures Do For Us: An Argument for Signifying on Scriptures as Intellectual Project.” Pages 355–66 in Transforming Graduate Biblical Education. Edited by Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza and Kent H. Richards. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
———, ed., with Rosamond Rodman. African Americans and the Bible: Sacred Texts and Social Textures. New York: Continuum, 2000.
Yee, Gale A. “Thinking Intersectionally: Gender, Race, Class, and the Etceteras of Our Discipline.” JBL 139 (2020): 7–26.

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